How To Install Linux

How To Install Linux


HOW TO INSTALL LINUX Your first steps into the amazing world of
Linux can be quite troubling. From selecting a distribution to install,
deciding about dual booting, partitioning and even further what desktop environment
to use. The solution is to keep things as simple as
possible. Learning Linux is a lengthy process and to
master it you will need to dedicate a lot of hours into learning and testing things
out. The Linux kernel which is the core element
of Linux is typically packaged along with lots of system software and libraries into
a Linux distribution. You may have heard of different distributions
names like Ubuntu, Arch, Manjaro and many more. In this endless list of Linux distributions,
you are called to make a decision and choose which one to install. Each distribution has its advantages and disadvantages. After many years of working with all the major
distributions, my advice to any beginner is to stick with a distribution that provides
consistent updates, has support not only by the community but also commercial, the upgrade
process is relatively easy and straight forward and most of the software is supported out
of the box, including third party drivers, any commercial software packages and mainstream
open source software. This is why my recommendation is to use Ubuntu. Ubuntu is a Linux distribution based on debian
and supported by a company called Canonical. It provides security and software updates
regularly, its rock solid, especially if you stick with the LTS version, which is the Long
Term Support one, comes with most of the software available out of the box and the upgrade process
is really a piece of cake to follow. Years ago most of the time you would hear
and see people dual booting windows and Linux. Dual booting was allowing them to switch from
Windows to Linux and vice versa using the same computer and by sharing the same disk. Today dual booting is really needless. If you want to just test linux and you are
running windows you can stick with windows and install Linux into a virtual machine or
just install it using the Windows Subsystem for Linux if you are running Windows 10. Obviously the best option would be to get
rid of windows and have a new installation of Linux, but as a beginner this may not be
a wise choise. My advice would be for now to just install
Linux into a virtual machine and start learning! You can download and use Virtual Box. Personally I use VMWare workstation which
is commercial software that you have to buy, but its more advanced and has better performance. Now lets start by downloading ubuntu and create
an install media. Lets open a browser and navigeate to ubuntu.com lets
go to download , select ubuntu desktop and then
the LTS version which now is 18.04, once it starts downloading, scroll down to this section
and click the “follow our simple guide” from here you can follow instructions about
how to install a bootable usb or dvd from your current operating system, the page contains
instructions for both windows and macOS Once you have your installation media ready
use it to start your computer or your virtual machine. ———–
When you reach the boot menu you are going to have two options, one to try ubuntu without
installing and second to install ubuntu Select the first one. Once you see the desktop, you can wonder around
a bit and get familiar if you like with linux without even installing the operating system
into your hard disk. When you are ready just click on the Install
Ubunut icon and lets get started. First step is to select your language and
your keyboard layout. Here we need to continue with a “Normal installation”
as this is going to be used as a full blown desktop. Some updates are going to be downloaded while
the installation runs. Also click on the “install third-party” software
option so several proprietary software can be installed. Next screen is the partioning. in its very
simplistic form and if you only have once disk installed on your system you can continue
by selecting “Erase disk and install ubuntu” this is going to wipe everything from your
disk and use it in its entirety for running ubuntu. Make sure to select the option to “encrypt”
your installation if you need encryption! By selecting it also the “use of lvm” is going
to be selected automatically. LVM stands for logical Volume manager and
its a way to create virtual volumes into physical, it differs from partitions as logical volumes
can span over several disks and support features like taking snapshots of the filesystem or
resize it. Enter an encryption key, and make sure you
enter a strong key, something you can remember but its not short and consists by alphanumeric
characters along with symbols. As you can see the installer its gonna let
you know if your key is strong enough or not. The warning informs us about what partitions
are going to be created. Make sure that you backed up any data from
your diski if needed before you click continue. from this point forward any data that existed
on this disk will be lost permanently. click continue. Select your city in the map an click continue. this will be used to setup your timzeone information Here the installer needs some information
in order to create your user account. Enter your desired name, computer name, username and
password to continue. Installer will now start donwloading and copying
all necessary files into your hard disk. Installation is now finished! click on “Restart
now” and make sure to remove your installation media. Then reboot your computer. —- Now you should let your pc boot normally and
you have to see the prompt to enter your password that decrpyts your disk. Then operating system will load and you will
be greeted with the login screen. Enter you user password to continue. A wizard is going to start going over some
very basic stuff. No need to enable livepatch and make sure
to select the option to do not send system info to canonical. Except of course if you want your system to
send it! Click done. As you see ubuntu automatically detected few
software updates and poped up a window. Lets install them. The window will now minimize, but you can
still access it via the dock on the left. All open applications appear on this dock. Ubuntu uses by default the gnome desktop environment. Gnome is really simple and stable. You can access and search aplications by clicking
on “activities” on the top left of your screen. Lets try it and open settings. Just start typing and you will see the matching
apps that then you can click and select. Settings let you access a very basic control
panel for gnome. there are several options here but lets install
Gnome tweaks, a program that gives us even more options to play with. Click on the “Ubuntu software” icon on your
dock and then click the search icon. One thing I like to do with Gnome tweaks is
to change my theme. You can tweak several other settings here. Now lets right click on the desktop and change
our background to match our new theme. Ubuntu software allows us to easily add and
remove software, from here you can install for example skype, vlc etc. On top we have a bar with the date and icons
to access your network, and easily allow you to reboot and shutdown your computer. Lets open a terminal. As you can see when an application opens a
new icon is created on the dock on the left. You can right click and select “Add to favorites”
this way the icon will be added to the dock so you can click it even when the specific
application is not running. Same way you can also remove an icon. Now you have a fully working Linux installation
that will enable you to perform most of the tasks that you are already accustomed on other
operating systems. This video came to an end, but your journey
just began! Linux is an amazing operating system that
allows you to make your own choises about how to do any task. The community is huge and you should have
no trouble finding information about any problem you may face. Play around and have fun!

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